The Galoc oil field, operated by Galoc Production Company (GPC), represented the first commercial offshore oil development in Philippines in three decades. Pre-development estimates of recoverable reserves were approximately 10MMstb of oil. The Galoc field, discovered in 1981, is situated offshore Palawan Island in 270 to 800m of water comprising of a thin oil column in a low permeability tertiary sandstone reservoir. Numerous drill stem tests were conducted in the development wells, with mixed results.
Galoc-1, a vertical development well, was re-entered in 1988 and a 3 extended production test was conducted. Galoc- was re-entered in 1989 and a horizontal sidetrack was drilled and tested. GPC had run an analysis on the available well data. Because there was still a large range of reserves uncertainty, they require a phase development approach to help minimise development risk.
Nautec Energy Solutions (Nautec) utilised an initial two well Phase 1 development with a significant appraisal component. Two horizontal wells and a single pilot hole were required to meet both the appraisal and development objectives.
Following Nautec’s engagement in the conceptual pre-FEED field development studies, we were awarded the Well Engineering Procurement Construction Management (EPCM) contract for the field development by GPC. This contract covered all well construction work, up to the installation of the subsea trees.
Nautec was required to interface closely with the small GPC project team, Singapore installation and facilities management, and London subsurface support. Since GPC was a new entity without established systems and procedures, Nautec was involved and/or responsible for setting up project systems and controls as well as executing the work. The challenge was to implement a cost effective field development, while achieving the appraisal and full field’s development objectives.
Nautec provided Well WPCM input into all phases of the project including supporting the Final Investment Decision (FID) by the Joint Venture. This included:
- Preparing work plans
- Preliminary well designs
- Well costs and schedules
- Contracting the drilling unit
- Securing the used subsea tree and tree refurbishment contractor
- Tendering for long lead well construction materials
- Set-up of project management systems and controls to enable management of future procurement and field activities.
Nautec also provided input into various critical project documents ie Plan of Development, Environmental Management Plan, Reservoir Development Plan.
After FID, Nautec tendered, awarded and negotiated contracts on behalf of GPC for all well engineering and construction related services. This included multi-million dollar bundled services contracts with Schlumberger and Weatherford as well as minor service orders like weather forecasting. Nautec also established all of the services required to support the drilling and completion of the development wells. This was achieved in a remote location with limited established oilfield infrastructure.
Nautec acquired support vessels, aviation, marine supply base, freight forwarding and logistics support.
Nautec prepared all well construction documentation and procedures on behalf of GPC, including:
- Geological prognosis
- Drilling & completion programs
- Coring program
- Logging program
- Emergency response plan
GPC’s development drilling and completion campaign resulted in the successful construction of two horizontal oil production wells. Six production wells were tied in to a moored FPSO.
Nautec added value by conducting a campaign free from reportable lost time injuries or environmental incidents, despite of operating during the typhoon season in the South China Sea and ensuring long term life-of-asset value.
Following the well construction phase, Nautec has continued to honour its commitment to life-of-asset optimisation through:
- Supporting the facilities installation
- Repairing final well reports
- Testing and commissioning work
- Assisting with production well start-up and well testing guidelines
- Facilitating contract closeout
Nautec implemented this work utilising the following notable features and innovations:
- Batch drilling and completion sequences with adjacent seabed locations for both wells in relatively shallow water
- Long horizontal wells drilled with rotary steerable frilling assemblies and synthetic oil based mud
- Customised reservoir drill-in fluid design to minimise formation damage. This work identified a “critical velocity” for fines migration and permeability impairment
- Use of refurbished subsea trees and IWOC system (originally used by Statoil on the Gullfaks field, Norway)
- Conversion of subsea installation tooling allowing a monobore completion riser system rather than the obsolete ex-Gullfaks dual bore riser
- Installation of subsea trees from a less than optimal moored drillship configuration
- Use of wireless downhole gauges to enable reservoir data to be obtained where the subsea tree was not equipped with electrical penetrations
- Procurement of the subsea production chokes and well control panel and free issue to the FPSO contractor on behalf of GPC
- Logistic management for a remote site, including drilling unit mobilisation from Singapore
Following the well completions phase, the wells were flowed to the drilling unit and productivities were at the upper end of the expected range – much better than achieved in the earlier wells. During the cleanup flows, production rates were constrained to avoid irreversible damage due to fines migration.
At all stages of the project, Nautec team members interfaced closely with GPC and their other primary contractors, ensuring the alignment of priorities and workscopes. Inputs from other specialist personnel were provided or sourced by Nautec when required ie HSE, emergency response, risk management, lifting equipment certification.